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state the base pairing rules in DNA

Like2 Isticmaleyaal
2 Isticmaleyaal

1 Answer

  1. Sure. The base pairing rules in DNA state that:

    * Adenine (A) always pairs with thymine (T).
    * Cytosine (C) always pairs with guanine (G).

    These rules are based on the chemical structure of the bases. Adenine and thymine are both purines, while cytosine and guanine are both pyrimidines. Purines have two rings, while pyrimidines have one ring. When two bases pair, they form hydrogen bonds between their complementary bases. Adenine and thymine form two hydrogen bonds, while cytosine and guanine form three hydrogen bonds. The hydrogen bonds between the bases help to hold the DNA double helix together.

    The base pairing rules are important for DNA replication. When DNA is replicated, the two strands of the double helix are separated and each strand serves as a template for the synthesis of a new strand. The bases on the template strand pair with the complementary bases on the new strand, resulting in two identical DNA molecules.

    The base pairing rules are also important for gene expression. When a gene is expressed, the DNA sequence is transcribed into a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule. The mRNA molecule is then translated into a protein. The base pairing rules ensure that the correct amino acids are incorporated into the protein, resulting in a functional protein.

    The base pairing rules are a fundamental principle of DNA structure and function. They are essential for DNA replication, gene expression, and the transmission of genetic information from one generation to the next.

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