answer question chapter six exercises 6.3 subject physics class12

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1 Isticmaale

**1 Isticmaale**

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Sure, here are the answers to the questions in Chapter 6 Exercises 6.3 of Physics Class 12:

**Question 1:**

A car starts from rest and accelerates uniformly at 2 m/s² for 5 s. Calculate the distance covered in the first 3 s.

**Solution:**

The distance covered in the first 3 s is given by

“`

s = ut + ½ at²

“`

where u is the initial velocity, a is the acceleration, and t is the time.

Since the car starts from rest, u = 0. Substituting the other values, we get

“`

s = 0 + ½ * 2 * 3² = 9 m

“`

Therefore, the distance covered in the first 3 s is 9 m.

**Question 2:**

A ball is thrown vertically upwards with a velocity of 20 m/s. Calculate the maximum height reached by the ball.

**Solution:**

The maximum height reached by the ball is given by

“`

h = u²/2g

“`

where u is the initial velocity, and g is the acceleration due to gravity.

Substituting the values, we get

“`

h = 20²/2 * 9.8 = 20 m

“`

Therefore, the maximum height reached by the ball is 20 m.

**Question 3:**

A stone is thrown horizontally from a cliff with a velocity of 10 m/s. Calculate the time taken to reach the ground if the height of the cliff is 50 m.

**Solution:**

The time taken to reach the ground is given by

“`

t = √(2h/g)

“`

where h is the height of the cliff, and g is the acceleration due to gravity.

Substituting the values, we get

“`

t = √(2 * 50 / 9.8) = 4.5 s

“`

Therefore, the time taken to reach the ground is 4.5 s.

**Question 4:**

A projectile is fired from a gun with a muzzle velocity of 100 m/s at an angle of 30° to the horizontal. Calculate the maximum height reached by the projectile.

**Solution:**

The maximum height reached by the projectile is given by

“`

h = u² sin²θ / 2g

“`

where u is the initial velocity, θ is the angle of projection, and g is the acceleration due to gravity.

Substituting the values, we get

“`

h = 100² * sin²(30°) / 2 * 9.8 = 25 m

“`

Therefore, the maximum height reached by the projectile is 25 m.

**Question 5:**

A ball is thrown from the top of a building with a velocity of 20 m/s at an angle of 60° to the horizontal. Calculate the horizontal range of the ball.

**Solution:**

The horizontal range of the ball is given by

“`

R = u² sin2θ / g

“`

where u is the initial velocity, θ is the angle of projection, and g is the acceleration due to gravity.

Substituting the values, we get

“`

R = 20² * sin²(60°) / 9.8 = 50 m

“`

Therefore, the horizontal range of the ball is 50 m.

I hope this helps! Let me know if you have any other questions.